Raymundo Ottoni de Castro Maya (Paris, France, 1894 - Rio de Janeiro, 1968). Industrialist, Bachelor in Law, patron of the arts, publisher, art collector. Brought up in Rio de Janeiro, Castro Maya, a successful businessman and owner of the Cia. Carioca Industrial, was a defender of the historical, artistic and natural heritage of Rio de Janeiro. An important collector of art in Brazil, between 1920 and 1968, he discovered and acquired almost all of the 22,000 items of his collection, including art works, books and historical documents. This art collection began when his father, the engineer Raymundo de Castro Maya secured canvases by French landscape artists such as Gustave Courbet Louis Bélanger and Henri Rousseau at an auction in Paris at the end of the 19th century.
From 1940 to 1960, he acquired paintings, drawings and engravings by various European artists.